In psychology

In psychology, happiness is described as a mental state of well-being defined by pleasant or positive emotions (Anand, P 2016). Happiness Explained. Oxford University Press. page needed. Throughout history, there has been much debate on the notion of happiness. Aristotle (384-322 BC) and Zeno of Citium’s (C344-c202 BC) , founder of the Stoicism school of philosophy, identified virtue as sufficient to attain happiness (Stoicism, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy). Whereas, St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274 AD) reasoned happiness can be nurtured by engaging in intellectual and moral virtues (Aquinas: Moral Philosophy – Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy). However, German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer (1780-1860) favoured happiness as a wish that is fulfilled, and that lacking fulfillment led to suffering. (Arthur Schopenhauer, 1997). Holocaust survivor Viktor Frankl (1905-1997) recognised that a person with meaning in their life could achieve happiness. Happiness and luck are regarded as synonymous throughout most European languages (Cassin et al.2014).