Frederick douglass was A very influential African American leader of the nineteenth century

Frederick douglass was A very influential African American leader of the nineteenth century,
Frederick Douglass used his exceptional skills as an orator, writer, journalist, and politician to
fight for the abolition of slavery and for an end to racial discrimination. He helped to shape the
climate of public opinion that led to the ratification of the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth

amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which were created in large measure to protect,

respectively, the freedom, citizenship, and voting rights of ex-slaves. His ?Narrative of the Life of

Frederick Douglass ? (1845) is a classic account of the dehumanizing effects of slavery for slave

and slaveholder alike. ? ?Frederick ? ?Augustus ? Washington ? Bailey was born in february 1817 on a

plantation west of Tuckahoe river Talbot County, Maryland. His mother was a black slave, and

his father most likely her white owner. Douglass was separated from his mother at an early age

, and at age 7 he was sent to Baltimore to work for a family. He later regarded this change from

the plantation to the city as a great stroke of fortune because in Baltimore he was able to begin

educating himself. His master's wife taught him the alphabet, and Douglass, under the ?in str u ctio n

of young boys on the streets and docks, proceeded to teach himself how to read and write. Even

when he was very young, his limited reading convinced him of the evils of slavery and the need

to keep his freedom from him Douglass continued to suffer while he was a slave . During the

1830s, he was sent back to the plantation to endure beatings and whippings. He attempted to

teach other slaves how to read and write but his efforts were quickly ended by the whites .1838

douglass was once again living in Baltimore douglass escaped north and won his freedom. He

married a free African American woman, Anna Murray, and settled in New Bedford,

By then a fugitive slave, he changed his name to Frederick Douglass. Shortly after his arrival to

the North, Douglass became an avid reader of the ?Liberator ?, a newspaper published by a leading

abolitionist, william lloyd garrison. He became involved in abolitionist campaigns and soon

earned a reputation as an eloquent speaker for the cause. In 1841, he met Garrison and was

recruited to speak for the

Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society. Throughout his life, he would travel all over the United

States on speaking engagements, becoming a famous and sought-after orator.Douglass published

narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass in 1845. The book became a bestseller and made

Douglass into a celebrity. It also made known his status as a fugitive slave, and he was forced to

flee to the British Isles for safety in 1845. During his travels, he was greatly impressed by the

relative lack of racism in Ireland, England, and Scotland. English friends purchased his legal

freedom in 1846, paying his old master $711.66. ?His return to the States in 1847, Douglass

settled in Rochester, New York, and founded his own abolitionist newspaper, the ?North Star. ? In

its pages, he published writers and focused on achievements. He also wrote highly influential

editorials for the paper. Douglass published a series of newspapers, including ?Frederick

Douglass' Weekly ?, until 1863.He continued to lecture widely and became sympathetic to other

reformist causes of the day, including the temperance, peace, and feminist movements. By the

1850s and 1860s, he increasingly came to doubt that slavery could be ended by peaceful mean.

He became friends with the militant abolitionist john brown, although he did not join Brown in

his ill-fated 1859 military campaign against slavery at Harpers Ferry, Virginia.During the Civil

War (1861–65), Douglass fought hard to make the abolition of slavery a Union goal, and he also

lobbied for the enlistment of blacks into the Union armed forces. In public speeches and even in

private meetings with President abraham lincoln, Douglass made his case forcefully. Aided by

rising sentiment against slavery in the North, both of Douglass's goals became a reality.

Lincoln's 1863 emancipation proclamation sent a strong signal that the North would seek the

abolition of slavery in the South, and in 1865, the thirteenth amendment to the Constitution

formally ended the institution of slavery in the United States. By the end of the war, nearly

200,000 African Americans had enlisted in the Union armed forces. Douglass personally helped

to enlist men for the Fifty-fourth and Fifty-fifth Massachusetts Colored Regiments and served as

a leading advocate for the equal treatment of African Americans in the military.After the

Thirteenth Amendment had been ratified in 1865, some abolitionists pronounced their work

finished. Douglass argued that much more remained to be done, and he continued to struggle for

the rights of blacks. He called for voting rights for blacks, the repeal of racially discriminatory

laws, and the redistribution of land in the South. Although disappointed that land redistribution

was never achieved, he was encouraged by the passage of the Fourteenth (1868) and Fifteenth

(1870) Amendments, which, respectively, protected against the infringement of constitutional

rights by the states and established the right of all citizens to vote.Although these constitutional

amendments appeared to guarantee the civil rights of blacks, the actual laws and practices of

states and localities continued to discriminate against blacks. Blacks were also harassed by

violence from private groups. The ku klux klan waged a campaign of terror against those who

sought to exercise their civil rights, and white lynch mobs killed hundreds of men each year.

Douglass spoke out against these forms of terrorism and called for federal laws against lynching

Douglass was a loyal spokesman for the republican party and vigorously campaigned for its

candidates. His support helped to gain hundreds of thousands of black votes for republicans. As

a result of such work, several Republican presidents rewarded him with political offices. In 1871,

President ulysses s. grant named him assistant secretary to the Santo Domingo Commission.

Later, Republican presidents appointed him marshal (1877–81) and recorder of deeds (1881–86)

for the District of Columbia. In 1888, President benjamin harrison appointed Douglass minister

resident and consul general to Haiti, the first free black republic in the Western Hemisphere. He

resigned the position in 1891 over policy differences with the Harrison administration. Although

such positions did not afford Douglass great political power in themselves, they provided a

comfortable living as well as some recognition for his significant contributions to the public life

of the country. ?On top of his federal work, Douglass kept a vigorous speaking tour schedule. His

speeches continued to agitate for racial equality and women's rights. In 1881, Douglass published

his third autobiography, ?Life and Times of Frederick Douglass ?, which took a long view of his

life's work, the nation's progress, and the work left to do. Although the nation had made great

strides during Reconstruction, there was still injustice and a basic lack of freedom for many


Tragedy struck Douglass's life in 1882 when Anna died from a stroke. He remarried in 1884 to

helen pitts , an activist and the daughter of former abolitionists. The marriage stirred

controversy, as Helen was white and twenty years younger than him. Part of their married life

was spent abroad. They traveled to Europe and Africa in 1886-1887, and they took up temporary

residence in Haiti during Douglass's service there in 1889-1891.

On February 20, 1895, Douglass attended a meeting for the National Council of Women. He

returned home to ? ?cedar hill in the late afternoon and was preparing to give a speech at a local

church when he suffered a heart attack and passed away. Douglass was 77. He had remained a

central figure in the fight for equality and justice for his entire life.

Brilliant, heroic, and complex, Douglass became a symbol of his age and a unique

voice for humanism and social justice. His life and thought will always speak profoundly to the

meaning of being black in America, as well as the human calling to resist oppression. ? Douglass
work with a lot of amazing people

and gave ?thousands of speeches and editorials against slavery and racism, provided a voice for

people that were too scared to speak out against the jim crow laws and he hoped that he could

inspired people to treat african

american like normal human being and not treat them like animal. little did he know how far his

speeches would take him and they change the course of human events and african americans

never lost hope because they had so many great influential people that never lost hope and

always strive for the better and not the worst and kept on going and a lot of the people related to
douglass because he understand the struggle of being a slave and how hard it was for them in that

time and everything they had to worry about like the jim crow laws, the kkk
Frederick douglass was a good man and many people loved him and his work and he died doing
what he love doing the most and people are still inspired by him to this day. They are inspired on
how brave and smart he was. That's how frederick douglass play in the struggle of african