In the passage, Barry is arguing that scientific research is not set in stone. Discoveries are made, things change; scientists have to accept that. He says “Experiments do not simply work. Regardless of design and preparation…rarely yield the results desired.” Barry uses logic and ethos to explain that not all scientific research is correct. Multiple devices like this are used in this passage.
One example is an auxesis. The passage states “…acts like a crystal to participate an order out of chaos, to create form, structure and direction.” In science without finding a way you need to go, the experiment will not get very far. Barry talks about scientists begin the process of discovering something. He mentions that “one single step can take one off a cliff” and that scientific research is “grunt work, tedious work…” He is using adjectives to emphasize how different scientific work is compared to everyday work for someone else. In the beginning, he uses the words patience,creativity, self-sufficiently, and courage to portray scientist in a positive way. He emphasizes the courage part by saying scientists have to “venture into the unknown” Included in the passage is a quote from Claude Bernard, a physiologist. Claude states “science teaches us to doubt” Barry included this to back up his point when saying scientific research is not always clear and there are some answers that aren’t easily explained.
Throughout the passage Barry’s main idea is research can change and scientists have to deal with that. He even says that scientist should question every part of an experiment. Barry persuades them to “move deep into a wilderness region where they know almost nothing, where the very tools and techniques needed to clear the wilderness, to bring order to it, do not exist.” He also doesn’t forget to point out that people will build on a discovery. What took the “pioneer” months or years to find out, will take minutes for an “investigator” to find.
Barry before closing the