An Introduction to Working with Children

An Introduction to Working with children
Statutory provision- Services that are set up and regulated by the government. Usually given specific task to do or special responsibilities. People working in it are usually employed by the government.
Setting available under 5 years is:
* Day nursery-A day nursery is a childcare setting that cares for children from birth to four or five years old. Is set up by the government. The purpose of the nursery is to help children learn and develop the basic skills such as social skills and developmental skills like learning to count and recognising own name. The main focus is learning through play which means the children will do a lot of role play activities like playing shop, they also do lots of hands on activities like exploring and experimenting with sand, water and play dough all these activities develop fine motor skills which little children find more difficult to master. Nursery also helps children settle into school life by implementing some of the primary schools daily routine such as snack time where healthy eating and trying new foods can be done, by doing this children can settle into school better as they have a better understanding of what Reception will be like.
Setting available 5-7 years old
* A statutory provision for children aged five to seven would be an Infants school, the purpose of this provision is to teach children the foundations for learning. It is where the basic skills for literacy and numeracy occur. The aim of the National Curriculum is to develop through a structured framework which enables staff to assess the levels of learning in each school, by doing this program children which have a higher learning ability and known as gifted and talented can be identified and taught appropriately so they may reach their full potential
D2) Private provision- The private sector are many and varied, they offer paid service of those covered by insurance. Wages are provided by the corporation.
Children between 5 and 7 years:
* Reception class in a private- The reception class is the first class of a primary school, in which children aged 4 and 5 go for pre-primary education. Is set up by the government. They are welcome children from all ethnic groups and cultures. Aim to give positive images of other cultures using various methods, including celebrating different festivals and incorporating multicultural play into our themes and activities. The purpose of the Nursery is to provide service to children so that working parents can do their jobs and the children are taken care of. Developing children??™s confidence and a sense of self-worth.
Staff will provide a welcoming and encouraging environment where each child is valued as an individual, by welcoming each child individually, by respecting the likes/dislikes of an individual and by discussing and displaying children??™s achievements.

* After school classes-is any organized program which invites children to participate outside of the traditional school day. Is private setting. The purpose of the Nursery is to provide service to children so that working parents can do their jobs and the children are taken care of. Developing children??™s confidence and a sense of self worth
Staff will provide a welcoming and encouraging environment where each child is valued as an individual, by welcoming each child individually, by respecting the likes/dislikes of an individual and by discussing and displaying children??™s achievements.

D3) One professional who work with children. Describe the work of this professional: Early years teacher

Early years teacher- Early years teacher, or nursery, teachers work in pre-school, nursery and reception classes with children aged between three and five. They are responsible for developing and implementing work schemes and lesson plans in line with the requirements of the early years foundation stage (EYFS). This involves motivating children to learn and imaginatively using resources in order to facilitate learning. Early years teachers develop the social and communication skills of children and provide a safe and secure environment in which the child can learn. They build and maintain relationships with parents/guardians to further support pupils as well as operate within multi-agency networks to ensure the correct support is available. Early years teachers record observations and summarise the childrens achievements. They focus on optimum child development and preparation for a successful transition to primary school education.

D4) Describe how to keep information about children and families confidential
Personal information needs to be kept safe at all the times when in a childcare setting because it??™s a legal requirement. There are no different between the rights of children and the rights of adults in respect of confidential and sensitive information. It is important to keep any information or discussions about the child or family between the staff members at the setting and this means that they all should follow the confidentiality rules set. A way to keep the confidentiality would be by having the files lock away in a save place and have a password for any confidential work kept on the computer data base.
C1) Give two examples for when you should refer information to professional to the settings:
You should refer information about children and families to a professional when a child is getting abused .Child abuse includes physical, emotional sexual neglect, for example being burnt by cigarettes or bruising on areas of body that are not associated with normal accidents such a falling over, marks on thighs. Bruising or marks that form a pattern hand or belt shaped. Abuse can take place in children`s homes or even in early years settings and can be by relatives or friends of the family as well by strangers. If different person collecting the child everyday immediately tell your line manager.
A1) Explain the importance of keeping information confidential.
Personal information about children and families held by professional is subject to a duty of confidence, and should normally not to be disclosing without the consent of the subject. I think people should be very careful where they keep information about children. All professional and agencies are required to keep confidential given to them. There are several important exceptions to this set out in the DPA and the right to keep information of this type private. Child care programs routinely handle confidential information about enrolled children, families and staff. When managing to keep their personal details private are important.
Record keeping-Good record keeping is an important part of a professional`s task the information about the child and family and actions taken
Well- kept records are essential to good child protection practice. Safeguarding children requires information to be brought together from a number of sources, and careful professional judgments to be made on basis of the information. Records must be clear, accessible, and comprehensive. The subject of record does have the right in law to request access to them at any stages. Judgements made, action and decisions taken should be carefully recorded. Where decisions have been taken jointly across agencies, or endorsed by a manager, this should be made clear on the case records. Relevant information will be normally being collected in a one place by social service.

D5) Getting ready for setting
Before starting placement it is important to prepare for it because it will help you get the most out the placement ???before starting placement it is important that you prepare yourself in every aspect. You can prepare for it by finding out about the placement, what to wear, time of arrival, and name of supervisor. You can ask your placement provider or from the setting??™s website; in the placement you should know what you hoping to achieve by undertaking placement. It is very good to find out about the setting you will work in because then you will have a clear idea of what to expect; you need to have knowledge about children and have a professional way of working with children and others and also it will be good if you set some goals before starting placement which may help you stay focused and you will also be able to make the most of opportunities that may arise while you are in the placement.

B1) Why are first impressions important in the setting
It is very important to give first impression in an appropriate way, because most of the people try to guess the personality right from the first impression and they act according for. Some people may give first impression very bad like dressing up, way of talking we have to remember that your perceived personality is also judged by your physical attributes and how you present yourself to the people but with the passage of time you may come to know that they have an opposite personality and they gradually change. Same way there are some people who give first good impression and you may like them in the early stages but later on they may change and have a opposite personality for narrow minded, negative thinking, pessimistic. Despite of all that it is very important to give first impression in a good way and act accordingly you will need to make sure that you dress appropriately as parent may not feel comfortable leaving their children in an environment where the staffs does not dress appropriately. So make the first impression really good, come on time or earlier, wear professional comfortable clothes, have a smile, look your best, have good hygiene and be positive.

B2) Explain suitable ways in which you can show positive attitudes when working in a childcare setting
There are practical ways to demonstrate positive attitude is 1. Reliable and responsible which means if you are given a task and you??™re in charge of that task other staff will want you to complete that task in a sensible manner and time. 2. Team work is when all members of staff have to work together for the children??™s benefit 3. Respecting parents- The Nursery should respect, understand and value that, make towards their child`s learning 4. Communication skills: a good listener especially when you are working in childcare setting

D6) Two different ways, understanding the importance of valuing each child as an individual
Children are unique individuals with their own tastes, styles, and abilities. All children have different rates of development and different personalities you have to accept each child for who and what they are – and make sure they know it. You can??™t Value One is more than another. When it comes to planning activities you have to bring them together, tell them what you would like to do and involve them as much as possible. Adults working with children should want the best for them. This means that you will have to think about each child??™s individual needs ??“ that is, what each child requires in order to do well and be happy while in the setting.

D7) Meeting individual child??™s needs disability, culture, religion, gender, age.
It is important that children??™s needs are met once they have been identified. Recognise that children and their families come from diverse backgrounds. All families have needs and values that arise from their social and economic, ethnic and cultural or religious backgrounds. Children grow up in diverse family structures that include two parent and one parent families; some children have two parents of the same sex. Some children have close links with extended families of grandparents, aunts, uncles and cousins while others may be more removed from close kin or may live with other relatives or foster carers. Some children have needs that arise from disability or impairment or may have parents that are affected by disability or impairment. We understand that these factors affect the well-being of children and can impact on their learning and attainment. When working with children in the setting do everything they can to make sure that all children are treated fairly and equally and give every child opportunities to do well. The better way to show that you understand diversity and inclusion it could be by planning activity which include everyone no matter what their race, religion, culture, disability, age and gender is you can do lots of activities with children where they learn about different culture and understanding the world by doing cooking, celebrating different festivals and reading the book which talk about different culture.

A*) Describe your learning style
There are four types of learning style;
Activists- are those people who learn by doing. Have an open-minded approach to learning, involving themselves fully and without bias in new experiences. They are outgoing and like to be the centre of attention.

Theorist- learners like to understand the behind the actions. They need models, concepts and facts in order to engage in the learning process. They enjoy lectures with lots of theory. They don??™t like uncertainty and anyone being flippant about serious things.

Pragmatist- learners need to be able to see how to put the learning into practice in the real world. They are very practical and down-to-earth. They see problems as a challenge. They are keen to see if theories work in practice.

Reflector- these people learn by observing and thinking about what happened. They look at the big picture of any topic and they are very ordered, clam and thorough. They are quiet and thoughtful and like harmony.
I have looked at the different type of learning style and I figure out that I??™m. Reflector. Reflector it??™s a person who enjoy watching and listening to others. I am quiet and thoughtful and like harmony. I like to have a good feel for a subject before talking about it. The reflector helping me Presenting ideas to a group, seen the big pictures before I get the detail. The reflector is important because is helping me in my assignment. I like to collect data and think about it carefully before coming to any conclusions. Reflector learns best when: observing individuals or groups at work, they have the opportunity to review what has happened and think about what they have learned. This information may be helpful to teachers, because can help them to know how to teach me.

D8) Include references and a bibliography
* Penny Tassoni (2007) Child care and Education.
Heinemann: Oxford
* Introduction to working with Children
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