An Introduction to Working with Children

E1 ??“ describe how each of the types of settings, which provide care and education for children in your area: – statutory, voluntary and private sector.
E2 ??“ Describe how each of the types of settings identified in E1 aims to support children and their families

There are different types of setting which provide education they are:
??? statutory (state primary school)
??? voluntary (after school clubs)
??? Private (private primary school).
A statutory service has been provided by law been provided for children and families. Legislation has been passed down which requires either the government or local authorities to provide them. A primary school is free of charge because the government gives money to the local authorities so they can pay for the running of the school. In statutory primary schools they teach from the national curriculum. A state primary school helps to support children and families by having parent/teacher meetings on a regular basis to help to show how the child can progress and by show parents how they can help the child at home
Voluntary services are provided by organisations such as charities where some or all funding comes from donations. One voluntary service is an after school club these are voluntary because they are funded by parents to pay members of staff and to and any surplus income is used to further their activities for the children. They also fall into to the voluntary category as they are out of school hours and children by law do not have to attend these clubs. After school clubs helps support the child and families by allowing the child to experience activities they may not have at home for example scouts sports or preforming arts and it also allows them to meet new people and make friends with people they would not usually talk to.
Private services are provided independently of the state and do not rely on funding from the government and are funded by charging pupils for tuition. They also do not have to follow the national curriculum as they are self-funded. These settings also aim to make a profit. One example of a private sector is a private primary school as the parents of the children that go to these schools have to pay for them to attend these schools. Many of private school offer children to learn different languages from a young age unlike state schools. They also help the parents by offering an afterschool clubs which in the children have the opportunities to complete homework which they need help with also give them opportunities to do sports they may not get to do like judo or swimming which they do not provide in state schools.

E3 ??“ Describe the main legislation in your country that supports the right of children
United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Children this was drawn up in 1989 and gives everyone under the age of 18 their own rights. There are five main strands to this convention
1. Seeks respect for children
2. Highlights and defends the family??™s role in children??™s lives
3. Reinforces the importance of fundamental human dignity
4. Endorses the principles of non-discrimination
5. Establishes clear obligations for member countries to ensure that their legal framework is in line with their provisions of the convention
The Human Rights Act 1998 this gave children equal rights to adults. This meant they have the rights to dignity, respect and fairness in the way they are treated. This then meant no corporal punishment in schools because it is seen as degrading and a violation of the child??™s rights.
The Sex Discrimination Act 1975 makes it illegal to discriminate on the ground of gender. This means it would be illegal to plan activities for just girls and not boys like not allowing a boy to put on a dress.
Childcare Act 2006 affects much of the day to day practise for example the adult to child ration in rooms and the types of snacks made available for children. This act also provides the framework for the EYFS.

E4 ??“ Describe the recognised principles and values that underpin working with children
The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) curriculum framework guides practitioners to work their best and bring the best out in the children. It provides a learning framework for children aged 0-5. It also shows what children should be doing at a certain age and shows them how to develop and expand children??™s abilities. One of the commitment in the EYFS is ???parents as partners??? and b following this commitment it will help the child develop as working with the parents will help the child as the parent will now know how to help the child and what to help them with it will also help with if a child is new as if the practitioner communicates well with the parents it will help with the settling phase as the practitioner will know what the child like and dislikes and can plan some activities around these likes and dislikes.
The CACHE Statement of Values is a guideline of how a practitioner should work with the children and if they do not already follow these statements of values they will need to adapt their practise to follow these statements. One of the statements of values is ???never use physical punishments??? (www.cache.org.uk) if a practitioner breaks this statement they are not only breaking the CACHE Statement of Values they will be in violation of the Human Rights Act 1998

The foundation phase framework for children??™s learning for 3-7 years olds in wales. The Foundation Phase places great emphasis on children learning by doing. Young children will be given more opportunities to gain first hand experiences through play and active involvement rather than by completing exercises in books. They will be given time to develop their speaking and listening skills and to become confident in their reading and writing abilities.

E5 ??“ Explain the importance of valuing and respecting all children in the setting
??“ When working with children it is important to value and respect all of the children in a setting. Respecting them and valuing them will make them feel like they are wanted and will help their self-esteem. There are many ways that the practitioner can respect a child one way is by listening to their view and opinion for example if you celebrate a special occasion like a birthday or a religious celebration. If a child is not respected they will not feel good and will not want to be in the setting and this will then lower their self-efficacy and self-confidence which means they will not want to share how they feel or will not want to try anything new. it is against the Human Rights Act 1998 to not respect a child ???because it is seen as downgrading and a violation of the child??™s rights.( Tassoni P. 2007 pg115)
E6 – Describe three professional skills that will support your work with children
Working with parents
By being able to work with parents the practitioner will be able to find out what the children like and dislike. They can then make use of this information when doing activities for example use the child??™s favourite TV programme in an activity. It also helps with the progression of the child as the practitioner can ask the parent what the child can and cannot do and tell the parent what they can do at home to help progression.
Team Member
when working with children you need to be a team member as if practitioners do not, the children??™s needs will not be met as one person will be doing all of the work and they will not have time to do everything e.g. look after the children then planning and setting out activities and if everyone worked as a team all the children??™s needs will be met and the working environment will be calm

Managing children??™s behaviour
Being able to manage children??™s behaviour if a child is being disruptive will allow the other children not to be disruptive and means all of the other children will know what is acceptable and unacceptable e.g. when the children are playing with Lego and they start throwing it around and you explain that it is wrong without shouting at them they are more likely to listen to the practitioner because they are calm
E7 ??“ describe how study skills can support your learning during your training

It is important at any time in one person??™s life to have good study skills as this will help to gain any qualification as without study skills you will not be prepared. One good skill to have is note taking and by the time you get to the assignment you will have what you need and it will be easy. Another important study skill to have is time management because without this you will often to be late to lessons and this could lead to you missing vital information also all you assignments will be left until the last minute and the work will not be to the best it can be or if your time management skills are that bad it may lead to failing the subject due to not handing the assignment in. Also another important study skill to have is being able to research effectively because if you can research effectively this will help with assignments as using this skill will help you find the information you need quickly also by being able to research effectively it can help gain a broader understanding in a particular subject.

D1 ??“ explain why the practitioner should develop and maintain appropriate relationships with parents and other professionals

It is important to keep positive relationships with parents because if not it can affect the child??™s learning as the practitioner and parent will not want to communicate and because of that the practitioner will not be able to feedback to the parent on how to improve at home and the parent cannot help the practitioner to find out how they work best or their interests and dislikes it will also be awkward at parent teacher conference as there will be a lot of friction and no one will benefit from this.
Having a good relationship with other professionals is because if there is friction between two co workers that will affect the atmosphere in the class this would not be good as the two practitioners will not want to help each other which will affect all of the children??™s learning. If you have a practitioners have positive relationships with a co-worker it help to gain an understanding of them and their beliefs and if you are going through hard times or if you know there will always be someone there for you to help you and have your back.
Also having a good relationship with people that come from outside of the setting as this can help the children as if someone for example, came to help one of the children with something like their anger management skill they will feedback to the practitioner on how things are going and how to apply things that can help the child in the setting.
D2 ??“ Discuss the characteristic of working with a multi-agency team

C ??“ Explain why the early year??™s practitioners should listen to children??™s views and value their opinion.
Early year??™s practitioners should listen to children??™s view because it will help the child to gain a sense of belonging in the setting they are in. It will also raise their self-esteem as they will realise they are being valued and respected.
The emotions and opinions that children show during play can help early year??™s practitioners find out the child??™s likes and dislikes this can help practitioners when planning and doing activities. For example if a practitioner was to ask a child what activity they would like to do and set it out some time that week, the child would feel their view were valued and important. As a result the child may then show respect the practitioner has shown them towards others. Showing children they are valued will help them become more self-confident and help them respect themselves and because of this the child will have a high self-efficacy which means they will try new things. They will also start to air their opinion and therefore it will make it easier for the practitioner to understand what the children wants and needs.
If a practitioner did not listen to children??™s view and opinions the child would feel unappreciated and would not do anything and if they did have a problem they would not tell the practitioner as they would feel the practitioner would not sort the problem out.
I have seen this in placement when one of the children have asked if the teacher they can have some colouring pictures of Ben 10 characters and the teacher said yes and the next day the teacher gave the child the colouring pages when the child came in the next morning.